Russia, the US, Canada, and several other countries have agreed to stop commercial fishing in recently de-iced areas the Arctic sea for 16 years.
Nation states only control sections of the sea close to their shores. So the deal includes countries like China and Iceland that having fishing fleets in international waters.
The polar ice cap is melting fast, opening up vast tracts of the Arctic Sea for fishing. The agreement bans fishing in those recently uncovered areas.
The agreement is designed to give time for scientists to understand the effects of fishing in those areas.
The countries reached the deal despite the current US government’s skepticism towards about climate change and the complicated state of American-Russian relations.