Bitcoin teller machine (BTM) operator Coinsource has just become the 12th crypto company to receive a license from the New York State Department of Financial Services (NYDFS).
The firm announced approval of the so-called BitLicense on Thursday, with the firm’s general counsel Arnold Spencer noting that it was the first granted to a bitcoin ATM provider to date. The company already has 40 BTMs in the state, having been operating under a provisional license pending full approval.
In a statement, NYDFS superintendent Maria Vullo confirmed the news, saying the license approval is “a further step in implementing strong regulatory safeguards and effective risk-based controls while encouraging the responsible growth of financial innovation.”
Receiving the BitLicense, Spencer told CoinDesk, “is a validation of our business model [and] our compliance model.”
“It’s been a long, involved process. The initial application was [in 2015, and] since then what we’ve seen is a great deal of diligence on NYDFS’ part, really pushing us to both explain and in some cases improve our policies and procedures.”
These ranged from having a business disaster continuity plan to state-of-the-art cybersecurity measures, Spencer indicated. During the evaluation period, Coinsource grew from being an unaudited firm with three employees and a handful of BTMs to being fully audited and growing to more than 20 employees and over 200 machines.
“We’ve had 500 percent growth over three consecutive years in terms of machines, and we’ve had comparable growth in revenue until spring of 2018, when it slowed down substantially,” he said.
Compared with traditional exchanges, the firm’s BTMs are convenient and offer direct peer-to-peer transactions, Spencer said, adding: “We do our account opening and compliance in real-time.”
The machines’ speed comes from a proprietary system that Coinsource developed to conduct know-your-customer checks. Where a customer would have to send a crypto exchange bank details and other proof of identification, Coinsource only needs a driver’s license, a selfie and a cellphone number.
Coinsource also makes it easier for unbanked individuals to access cryptocurrencies, Spencer said, as they do not need to possess a bank account to purchase bitcoin and can pay with cash.
At present, Coinsource customers can only buy or sell bitcoin through the BTMs – they can’t actually send funds to other wallets yet.
Spencer explained that this is by design, as allowing that would be facilitating money transmission, so “you have to have a money transmission license in both jurisdictions – where you’re starting the transaction and where you’re ending the transaction.
However, the company currently has money transmission licenses in 18 states, with pending licenses in another 15. Spencer anticipates that by sometime next year, Coinsource will have be licensed in all 50 states.
“At that point in time, we’d be in a position to have people deposit cash into machines and transfer bitcoin into a third-party wallet, provided both customers were registered,” he said.
Outside of the U.S., Coinsource plans to expand operations potentially to Japan, South Africa and Puerto Rico.
Of these, Puerto Rico is likely to happen first, with the company already having a money transmitting license for the territory.
“We have had preliminary discussions with regulators in Japan to use that as a springboard for Asia, and we’ve had initial conversations with bankers and regulators in South Africa, but that’s probably the furthest out in terms of development,” Spencer said.
Further, being incorporated in Argentina, Coinsource already has a base for Latin and South American expansion.
The addition of cryptocurrencies other than bitcoin across all the firm’s machines is also on the cards in the “near future,” but “that’s contingent, of course, on regulatory approval,” he said.